Stately and strong, brick has been a popular building material for centuries. Though it seems impervious, brick needs occasional attention to ensure its longevity and structural integrity.
Listen to ON MAINTAINING BRICK or read the text below:
Once a year, clean your brick exterior with a garden hose fitted with a spray nozzle. If you notice moss, mold, or mildew-typically in low-sunlight areas-use a scrub brush to apply a solution of bleach (one cup) and water (one gallon). Give the brick a thorough soaking first to help prevent it from absorbing the bleach. Protect your plantings and use a natural- or synthetic-bristle brush. Don't use a wire brush that could leave behind metal that would discolor the brick.
As you clean, check to make sure the weep holes are clear. These are typically vertical breaks in the mortar at intervals above the foundation (and often above and below windows and other openings). Also, be on the lookout for water damage, whether it's soft or cracked mortar or flaked or chipped brick. Efflorescence-a white, chalky coating-can also be a sign of moisture. Water damage may be the result of weather, improper drainage, or rising damp (water wicking up the porous brick). Whatever the cause, it's made worse by freeze-thaw cycles, so don't wait long before having damaged brick replaced and repointed.
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